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 Post subject: Who is Eru Iluvatar?
 Post Posted: Tue Jan 04, 2011 5:32 pm 
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Eru Ilúvatar
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eru Ilúvatar Character from J. R. R. Tolkien's legendarium
Aliases:
    Father of All
    The One
    The All High
    Ilúvatar
    He that is Alone

Book(s): The Silmarillion


Eru Ilúvatar is a fictional character in J. R. R. Tolkien's legendarium. In The Silmarillion, Eru is the supreme being, analogous to God, who created all of Eä (existence). However, he delegated most actions within Eä to the Ainur, including the shaping of Arda (the Earth) itself. The name "Ilúvatar" is a construction from "ilúvë" ("all, the whole") and "atar" ("father"), according to the appendix on Quenya and Sindarin names, found at the end of The Silmarillion.


Eru as Creator:

Eru created the Quendi (Elves) and the Atani (Men). In The Silmarillion both are called the Children of Ilúvatar. The Dwarves were "adopted" by Eru, in the sense that they were created by Aulë but given sapience by Eru. Animals and plants were fashioned by Yavanna after themes set out by Eru in the Music of the Ainur. The Eagles of Manwë were created from the thought of Manwë and Yavanna. Yavanna also created the Ents, who were given sapience by Eru. Melkor instilled some semblance of free will into his mockeries of Eru Ilúvatar's creations (Orcs and Trolls).

The Flame Imperishable resided with Eru alone, and He alone could create independent life. All beings not created directly by Eru, (e.g. Dwarves, Ents, Eagles), still need to be blessed by Eru through the Flame Imperishable to become more than mere puppets of their creator. Melkor desired the Flame Imperishable and long sought for it in vain, but he could only twist that which had already been given life.


Eru in Arda's History:

Eru created Arda. He created and awakened Elves and Men. Eru buried Ar-Pharazôn and his men when they landed at Aman in S.A. 3319. He caused Arda to take a round shape, drowned Númenor, and caused the Undying Lands to be taken "outside the spheres of the earth". When Gandalf died in the fight with the Balrog, it was beyond the power of the Valar to resurrect him: Ilúvatar himself intervened to send Gandalf back.


Tolkien on Eru:

A clear explanation of this appears in a draft of a letter that Tolkien wrote in 1954 to Peter Hastings, manager of the Newman Bookshop (a Catholic bookshop in Oxford).[3] In the letter, Tolkien, himself a devout Catholic, defended the non-orthodox portrayal of God (Eru) in his writing as rightly within the scope of his legendarium, as an exploration of the infinite "potential variety" of God.

Regarding the possibility of reincarnation of Elves, Hastings had written:

God has not used that device in any of the creations of which we have knowledge, and it seems to me to be stepping beyond the position of a sub-creator to produce it as an actual working thing, because a sub-creator, when dealing with the relations between creator and created, should use those channels which he knows the creator to have used already.

Tolkien's reply explains his view of the relation of (divine) Creation to (human) sub-creation:

We differ entirely about the nature of the relation of sub-creation to Creation. I should have said that liberation "from the channels the creator is known to have used already" is the fundamental function of "sub-creation", a tribute to the infinity of His potential variety [...] I am not a metaphysician; but I should have thought it a curious metaphysic — there is not one but many, indeed potentially innumerable ones — that declared the channels known (in such a finite corner as we have any inkling of) to have been used, are the only possible ones, or efficacious, or possibly acceptable to and by Him!

Hastings had also criticised the description of Tom Bombadil by Goldberry — "He is" — saying that this seemed to imply that Bombadil was God.

Tolkien replied to this:

As for Tom Bombadil, I really do think you are being too serious, besides missing the point. [...] You rather remind me of a Protestant relation who to me objected to the (modern) Catholic habit of calling priests Father, because the name father belonged only to the First Person.

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 Post subject: Re: Who is Eru Iluvatar?
 Post Posted: Fri Jan 21, 2011 12:08 pm 
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Thanks a lot !

I like this background stuff!


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